|Net Capital Gains and Losses||Sales of
securities and real estate held for more than one year qualify for the
maximum long-term capital gains deduction. These assets are taxed at a
maximum 15% federal rate (California does not have a special rate for
capital gains). If these assets are received by inheritance, they are
treated as long-term capital gains, whether or not you hold them for 12
months. Note: The long-term capital gains rate for collectibles (generally
trading cards, automobiles, antiques, artwork, jewelry, stamps and coins)
is 28%. |
Capital gains and losses during each year are netted: If you have a net capital gain, you pay tax on the gain; if you have a net capital loss, you may carry forward the loss to future years. The loss is applied first against capital gains, and then up to $3,000 can offset ordinary income, per year.
Because of these rules, those with a large capital gain in one year and a loss the next could face disaster – the loss does not offset the previous gain.
|Wash Sales Rules||Suppose you
own a stock that has lost value, but you want to keep it. Can you sell it,
recognize the loss, then repurchase it? Yes, if you wait at least 31 days
before repurchasing it. This is called a "wash transaction" and the rules
state that you cannot acquire "substantially identical securities" within
a 61 day period which begins 30 days before the sale and ends 30 days
after it. |
The lesson for all investors: If you have a net recognized capital gain during 2003, get your tax money off the table; do not let it ride in the stock market.
|Last Minute Deductions:||For those
looking for last-minute tax deductions for this year, there is still time
Empty your house of old clothes, furniture, computer and sports equipment and other "garage sale" items, estimate their fair market value (make an inventory and take pictures as part of your records), then donate them to Goodwill or your favorite charity to claim a charitable deduction. Items over $250, require a receipt. Also, if you have a used car, consider donating it to charity for a full blue book deduction. Note: IRS is investigating abuses involving charitable donations of automobiles so be prepared to substantiate the value of your automobile at the time of donation.
Contribute appreciated property to public charities and receive a deduction for the full fair market value on the date of the donation. Congress restored the provision allowing a full charitable deduction for gifts of publicly traded stock (held more than 12 months) to a private foundation for the full fair market value of the stock. Remember, donations of appreciated property, such as stock, include the appreciation as part of the charitable donation, but you do not have to pay capital gains tax on the transaction. If you still want to own the stock, purchase it again and receive a higher basis.
It may be advantageous to pay your January mortgage several weeks in advance so that your mortgage company will properly record the payment as made in 2003 when it issues you a Form 1096, a tally of your principal and interest payments.
Pay your fourth-quarter state income tax estimate this year. Pay your second property tax installment due in 2004, by the end of 2003. The same holds true for deductible alimony payments and deductible student loan interest. State taxes are not a deduction under the AMT.
Schedule medical and dental work prior to the end of this year and pay all medical expenses before December 31; these expenses are deductible to the extent they exceed 7.5% of your AGI.
Itemized Miscellaneous Deductions
Itemized miscellaneous deductions must exceed 2% of AGI. Employee expenses, not part of an employer’s accountable plan, are considered itemized miscellaneous deductions. These include uniforms, travel expenses, automobile expenses, job-related moving expenses, meals and entertainment expenses (these have strict requirements), certain education expenses for maintaining skills, union and professional dues and expenditures for equipment (up to $100,000) placed in service in 2003, supplies and publications. Note: Special rules might apply to computers, automobiles and other mixed-use equipment. Itemized miscellaneous deductions are not deductible under the AMT.
Credit Card Use
Business expenses and tax-deductible personal expenditures paid with a credit card by the end of the year are deductible in the year the expenses were incurred, not when the credit card charges are actually paid. Promotional and entertainment expenses incurred in December but paid in January, 2004 are therefore deductible in 2003. The same is true with personal medical and dental expenses, charitable contributions, real estate tax payments and itemized miscellaneous deductions.
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|All contents copyright © 1995-2003 Robert L. Sommers, attorney-at-law. All rights reserved. This internet site provides information of a general nature for educational purposes only and is not intended to be legal or tax advice. This information has not been updated to reflect subsequent changes in the law, if any. Your particular facts and circumstances, and changes in the law, must be considered when applying U.S. tax law. You should always consult with a competent tax professional licensed in your state with respect to your particular situation. The Tax Prophet® is a registered trademark of Robert L. Sommers.|